Uterine tumors are caused to a woman when she is carrying a child. The disease is more commonly known in the medical section as uterine fibroids. These are non-cancerous growths of the uterus and might also happen during pregnancy. Due to basic non-cancerous nature, doctors feel free in countering this type of tumor.
Uterine fibroids are found in various sizes, starting from seedlings. Due to microscopic sizes, often these are left undetected. When deposited in bulky masses, these cause an enlargement of the uterus.
Having uterine fibroids is a common thing among women particularly when they are pregnant. Due to miniscule shapes, these can only be found during pelvic exam or prenatal ultrasound.
Uterine fibroids symptoms
Uterine Fibroids don’t have any common symptom under normal condition. In cases where the uterine fibroids symptoms become apparent, these are seen to be influenced by the location, size and number of such fibroids.
It is estimated that almost 40 to 60 percent of uterine fibroids cases happen by the age of 35, while 80% occurs by attaining the age of 50.
The symptoms of uterine fibroids are revealed with the following:
- Heavy bleeding in the menstrual positions
- If menstrual periods are seen to prevail for more than 7 days.
- Menstrual period becomes painful with heavy and prolonged bleeding
- Pain or pressure in the pelvis
- Abnormal frequency of Urination
- Bladder is not emptied with ease
- Leg pains or backache
Uterine fibroids cause pain, but it is most rarely found. Pains happen in uterine fibroids when it outgrows blood supply or it begins to die
Causes of uterine fibroids
Despite several researches, doctors are still unable to find out the exact reason for uterine fibroids. But, they could trace out some inherent factors that might cause the disease:
- Changes in the Gene:changes in genes might give rise to the disease. The changed genes in these cases differ from those in normal uterine muscle cells.
- Role of Hormone: Estrogen and Progesterone are two hormones that stimulate development of the uterine lining during each menstrual cycle while preparing for pregnancy. These appear to promote the growth of uterine fibroids.
Fibroids contain more of Estrogen and Progesterone receptors than normal uterine muscles. Therefore, these have a tendency to shrink after menopause owing to decrease in hormone production,
- Growth Factors :Fibroid growth may also be stimulated with substances like insulin – like growth factor
- Extracellular matrix or ECM: This is a material making cells stick together. It grows in fibroid and makes it fibrous. It can also bring about biological changes within the cells.
The endometrial polyps are abnormal tissues that grow within the endometrium, which is the inner lining of the uterus. The cysts, or Ovarian alias Fibroid cysts are sacs filled with fluids. These lie on any one or both of the ovaries that are formed during ovulation.
The symptoms of cysts are in variance from the uterine fibroids. There is only one major thing in common. Whether be it uterine fibroids or Fibroid cyst, they all contribute to pelvic pain. The other complications include abnormal bleeding in the uterus and infertility.
Treatment for Fibroid cyst depends on symptom and what the patient is aiming at. The doctor may suggest surgical intervention if it is necessitated, But in most of the cases, conservative and non-surgical methods are adopted
Pregnancy and fibroids
The detection of uterine fibroids during pregnancy is not an easy task for doctors. This is so as it is hard for even an experienced doctor to identify a thickening in uterus muscle as uterine fibroids. Therefore, it is guessed that percentage of found cases lies far below than the original existence.
The uterine fibroids do not grow normally during pregnancy. Common experience states that these come into existence during the first three months of the pregnancy. This is due to the fact that hormone estrogen is needed for the growth of uterine fibroids. Female bodies produce more of this hormone during pregnancy.
The most common problems with uterine fibroids within a pregnant woman may be the following:
- Pain and bleeding: Researchers have made a study over a total of 4500 women. The output revealed the fact that 11% of the uterine fibroids-infected women had bleeding too, and 59% had pain only. The remaining 30% of the women had both pain and bleeding their first trimester
- Miscarriages: The chances of miscarriages are more with the women having uterine fibroids. These miscarriages are likely to happen at earlier stage than other women who are without it. Chances of such miscarriages are even more for women who have multiple uterine fibroids.
Frequently Asked Questions
Fibroids are the muscular tumors which grow in the uterus wall. These fibroids can be many of tumors or a single tumor in the uterus (womb). In most of the cases, the fibroids are benign which are not cancerous.
Whether women are in risk of fibroids or not depends on factors like age, eating habits, obesity, family history, and so on.
Medical science has not found out the exact causes of fibroids yet. However, hormonal and genetic factors play a major role in developing fibroids.
Doctor either choose medications if it is in recoverable stage, or choose surgery like Myomectomy, Hysterectomy, UFE (Uterine Fibroid Embolization), UAE (Uterine Artery Embolization), Myolysis, and Endometrial ablation.
In most of the cases, the fibroids are benign which are not cancerous. However, in rare cases (1 in every 1000), cancerous fibroid may occur.